city's famed Abbey Theatre stages classic plays of contemporary Ireland. Dublin
boast some of the fines Georgian buildings anywhere as well as public buildings
of great grandeur such as the Custom House in the Dock area and the Four Courts,
both from the late 18th century. Trinity College, founded in 1592 by Queen Elizabeth
1, adjoins the city's main shopping area, pedestrianised Grafton Street. The college's
own Mecca is the seventh century Book of Kells with its colourful depiction of
Dublin Castle was the headquarters of British administration when Dublin was the
second largest city of the British Empire. Dean Jonathan Swift's - he of Gulliver's
Travels - St. Patrick's Cathedral is down the road from the castle while the National
Museum of Ireland is the proud treasure house of ancient Celtic craftsmanship
in gold and silver.
Bar, beside the Liffey, is an area of cobbled streets of the 18th century now
occupied by a galaxy of talented young entrepreneurs and designers, colourful
eating pleases, and some of Dublin's one thousand pubs where conversation, fables
and wit abound.
Laoghaire, nine miles from the city is a leading yachting centre which has retained
much of the architecture of the Victorian era as well as being the home of the
National Maritime Museum. It adjoins the county of Wicklow whose own pride is
Glendalough, a deep valley with the ruins of an ancient school of learning that
once attracted students from throughout Europe. Wicklow is Dublin's national park
and in its Vale of Avoca is the modern treasure house of Avoca Hand weavers where
can be purchased the most excellent products of Irish hand weaving crafts folk.
City: Dublin is the capital of the Republic of Ireland and
Ireland's principal port. from Dublin Airport, six miles north of the city centre,
there are regular flights to and from Britain, Europe and North America, Aer Lingus,
the national carrier, Ryan Air, British Midlands, Virgin City Jet, Lufthansa,
Alitalia and Delta Air.
are rail connections from Dublin to Waterford, Cork, Tralee, Galway and Westport
from Houston Station, to Belfast, Sligo, Waterford and Wexford from Connolly Station.
C.I.E. city and suburban bus services operate from city centre, while provincial
services depart from Busarus ( bus station ). Metered Taxis may be hired throughout
has all the attractions of a modern European capital, including facilities for
most major sports. There is Horse-racing at two suburban courses, greyhound tracks
and about 30 excellent golf courses also there are frequent hunting meets near
the city. Sea bathing is available at near-by resorts, and there are municipal
indoor heated pools in the city and suburbs.
many public parks offer havens of relaxation for the visitor. Chief among them
is the Phoenix Park ( 1,760 acres ) at the western edge of the city, the People's
Park, the official residence of the president of Ireland Aras an Uachtarain, covering
about 200 acres, and it was the duelling ground of eighteenth-century Dublin.
Public Buildings a must when in Dublin, the Old Parliament House, this building
in College Green ( 1729 ), Trinity College founded in 1591by Elizabeth 1 designed
to further the Reformation in Ireland. University College Dublin, this college
originated in the Catholic University Of Ireland founded in 1854 by Dr. John Henry
Newman ( afterwards Cardinal ). The Custom House was designed by James Gandon
and completed in 1791. Dublin Castle, the castle was built between 1208 and 1220,
The City Hall, adjoining the Castle was erected between 1769 and 1779. The Four
Courts, from 1786 and designs by Thomas Cooley, The Royal Hospital, the General
Post Office was the headquarters during the raising in 1916 from the Irish Volunteers.
O'Connell Street, the Mansion House, Leinster House and Kilmainham Jail, where
generations of Irish patriots were imprisoned and the leaders of the 1916 rising
executed. The prison is now a historical museum.
Cathedrals and Churches, Christ Church Cathedral was the scene in 1394 of knighting
of four leading Irish chieftains by Richard II, in 1487, the impostor, Lambert
Simnel, was crowned here as King Edward VI and Archbishop Browne, the first Protestant
to occupy the see of Dublin, was the chief instrument of Henry VIII's. St. Patrick's
Cathedral founded in 1190, is perhaps best known for the associations with Jonathan
Swift, who was Dean from 1713-45, St. Werburgh's Church, St. Mican's Church. The
St. Audoen's Church was founded by the Norman's and dedicated to St Queen of Rouen,
and the Catholic Pro-Cathedral ( St. Mary's ) is in Grecian-Doric Style and was
completed in 1825 with statues of the Blessed Virgin, St. Patrick and the patron
of Dublin, Laurence O'Toole. The portico is copied from the Temple of Theseus
in Athens, and the Interior modelled on the Church of St. Phillippe du Roule in
Museums, Art Galleries and Libraries, the National Museum, devoted respectively
to Irish antiquities, art and industry and natural history, the Dublin Civic Museum
has a permanent collection of antiquarian and historical exhibits relating to
Dublin. The National Gallery, has examples of works from all European schools.
Included are major works by Renaissance masters such as Fra Angekico, Paolo Uccello,
Mantegna, Cosimo Tura Michelangelo Correggio. Other points of interest are examples
works from Rubens, Van Dyck, Teniers and a number of there contemporaries by Goya,
El Greco, Ribera Zurbaran and Murillo. The Municipal Gallery of Modern Art, the
National Library of Ireland, the Trinity College Library with its greatest treasure
the 'Book of Kells', a wonderful illuminated manuscript of the gospels ( probably
eighth-century ) and other ancient Irish manuscripts. The Royal Irish Academy
Library, Marsh's Library, the Royal Dublin Society Library, the Chester Beatty
Library and much more. A full list of all attractions on Dublin and the surroundings
can be requested from the Irish Tourism Board.
Laoghaire is a large residential town and holiday
resort, beautifully situated on the southern shore of Dublin Bay. Its magnificent
harbour, terminus of the mailboat and car ferry services from Holyhead ( North
Wales ), is sheltered by two fine piers. Bathing at the municipal baths, at Seapoint,
Sandycove and Killiney.
Near by and in the area, Dun Laoghaire is Ireland's chief yachting centre and
races are held regularly from May until September. Leopardstown Horse racecourse
is three miles away and other recreations include tennis, boating, sea angling,
band performances cinemas and dancing. At Sandycove south of Dun Laoghaire, is
a Martello Tower where James Joyce once lived and is a museum today. Dalkey a
pleasant resort, with the remains of the seven castles which guarded the town
in the mediaeval times. Beyond Dalkey is Killiney, Killiney Bay, especially when
viewed from the summit of Killiney Hill, is one of Ireland's most beautiful panoramas.
Behind the crescent-shaped sweep of beach rises Bray Head and the pointed peaks
of the Big and Little Sugarloaf, northwards the valley of the River Liffey can
by seen, together with Dublin City and the bold headland of Howth.