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Ancient Vikings were the first developers, in the ninth century, of what is now the city of Dublin.

Today the city of over a million inhabitants is unique in that one day in its life inspired the greatest novel in the English Language, James Joyce ULYSSES. Three winners of the Nobel Prize for Literature also came from Dublin. the poet W.B. Yeats, George Bernard Shaw and Samuel Beckett.

The city's famed Abbey Theatre stages classic plays of contemporary Ireland. Dublin boast some of the fines Georgian buildings anywhere as well as public buildings of great grandeur such as the Custom House in the Dock area and the Four Courts, both from the late 18th century. Trinity College, founded in 1592 by Queen Elizabeth 1, adjoins the city's main shopping area, pedestrianised Grafton Street. The college's own Mecca is the seventh century Book of Kells with its colourful depiction of gospels.

Nearby Dublin Castle was the headquarters of British administration when Dublin was the second largest city of the British Empire. Dean Jonathan Swift's - he of Gulliver's Travels - St. Patrick's Cathedral is down the road from the castle while the National Museum of Ireland is the proud treasure house of ancient Celtic craftsmanship in gold and silver.

Temple Bar, beside the Liffey, is an area of cobbled streets of the 18th century now occupied by a galaxy of talented young entrepreneurs and designers, colourful eating pleases, and some of Dublin's one thousand pubs where conversation, fables and wit abound.

Dun Laoghaire, nine miles from the city is a leading yachting centre which has retained much of the architecture of the Victorian era as well as being the home of the National Maritime Museum. It adjoins the county of Wicklow whose own pride is Glendalough, a deep valley with the ruins of an ancient school of learning that once attracted students from throughout Europe. Wicklow is Dublin's national park and in its Vale of Avoca is the modern treasure house of Avoca Hand weavers where can be purchased the most excellent products of Irish hand weaving crafts folk.

Dublin City: Dublin is the capital of the Republic of Ireland and Ireland's principal port. from Dublin Airport, six miles north of the city centre, there are regular flights to and from Britain, Europe and North America, Aer Lingus, the national carrier, Ryan Air, British Midlands, Virgin City Jet, Lufthansa, Alitalia and Delta Air.

There are rail connections from Dublin to Waterford, Cork, Tralee, Galway and Westport from Houston Station, to Belfast, Sligo, Waterford and Wexford from Connolly Station. C.I.E. city and suburban bus services operate from city centre, while provincial services depart from Busarus ( bus station ). Metered Taxis may be hired throughout the city.

Dublin has all the attractions of a modern European capital, including facilities for most major sports. There is Horse-racing at two suburban courses, greyhound tracks and about 30 excellent golf courses also there are frequent hunting meets near the city. Sea bathing is available at near-by resorts, and there are municipal indoor heated pools in the city and suburbs.

Dublin's many public parks offer havens of relaxation for the visitor. Chief among them is the Phoenix Park ( 1,760 acres ) at the western edge of the city, the People's Park, the official residence of the president of Ireland Aras an Uachtarain, covering about 200 acres, and it was the duelling ground of eighteenth-century Dublin.

Dublin's Public Buildings a must when in Dublin, the Old Parliament House, this building in College Green ( 1729 ), Trinity College founded in 1591by Elizabeth 1 designed to further the Reformation in Ireland. University College Dublin, this college originated in the Catholic University Of Ireland founded in 1854 by Dr. John Henry Newman ( afterwards Cardinal ). The Custom House was designed by James Gandon and completed in 1791. Dublin Castle, the castle was built between 1208 and 1220, The City Hall, adjoining the Castle was erected between 1769 and 1779. The Four Courts, from 1786 and designs by Thomas Cooley, The Royal Hospital, the General Post Office was the headquarters during the raising in 1916 from the Irish Volunteers. O'Connell Street, the Mansion House, Leinster House and Kilmainham Jail, where generations of Irish patriots were imprisoned and the leaders of the 1916 rising executed. The prison is now a historical museum.

Dublin's Cathedrals and Churches, Christ Church Cathedral was the scene in 1394 of knighting of four leading Irish chieftains by Richard II, in 1487, the impostor, Lambert Simnel, was crowned here as King Edward VI and Archbishop Browne, the first Protestant to occupy the see of Dublin, was the chief instrument of Henry VIII's. St. Patrick's Cathedral founded in 1190, is perhaps best known for the associations with Jonathan Swift, who was Dean from 1713-45, St. Werburgh's Church, St. Mican's Church. The St. Audoen's Church was founded by the Norman's and dedicated to St Queen of Rouen, and the Catholic Pro-Cathedral ( St. Mary's ) is in Grecian-Doric Style and was completed in 1825 with statues of the Blessed Virgin, St. Patrick and the patron of Dublin, Laurence O'Toole. The portico is copied from the Temple of Theseus in Athens, and the Interior modelled on the Church of St. Phillippe du Roule in Paris.

Dublin's Museums, Art Galleries and Libraries, the National Museum, devoted respectively to Irish antiquities, art and industry and natural history, the Dublin Civic Museum has a permanent collection of antiquarian and historical exhibits relating to Dublin. The National Gallery, has examples of works from all European schools. Included are major works by Renaissance masters such as Fra Angekico, Paolo Uccello, Mantegna, Cosimo Tura Michelangelo Correggio. Other points of interest are examples works from Rubens, Van Dyck, Teniers and a number of there contemporaries by Goya, El Greco, Ribera Zurbaran and Murillo. The Municipal Gallery of Modern Art, the National Library of Ireland, the Trinity College Library with its greatest treasure the 'Book of Kells', a wonderful illuminated manuscript of the gospels ( probably eighth-century ) and other ancient Irish manuscripts. The Royal Irish Academy Library, Marsh's Library, the Royal Dublin Society Library, the Chester Beatty Library and much more. A full list of all attractions on Dublin and the surroundings can be requested from the Irish Tourism Board.

Dun Laoghaire is a large residential town and holiday resort, beautifully situated on the southern shore of Dublin Bay. Its magnificent harbour, terminus of the mailboat and car ferry services from Holyhead ( North Wales ), is sheltered by two fine piers. Bathing at the municipal baths, at Seapoint, Sandycove and Killiney.

Golf Near by and in the area, Dun Laoghaire is Ireland's chief yachting centre and races are held regularly from May until September. Leopardstown Horse racecourse is three miles away and other recreations include tennis, boating, sea angling, band performances cinemas and dancing. At Sandycove south of Dun Laoghaire, is a Martello Tower where James Joyce once lived and is a museum today. Dalkey a pleasant resort, with the remains of the seven castles which guarded the town in the mediaeval times. Beyond Dalkey is Killiney, Killiney Bay, especially when viewed from the summit of Killiney Hill, is one of Ireland's most beautiful panoramas. Behind the crescent-shaped sweep of beach rises Bray Head and the pointed peaks of the Big and Little Sugarloaf, northwards the valley of the River Liffey can by seen, together with Dublin City and the bold headland of Howth.

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