What to see in Portugal
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Portugalīs most important Cities
Lisbon is the capital of Portugal and also the largest and more populous city.
Legend says that its Roman name, Olisipo, derives from that of the Greek hero Ulysses, who paused here on his voyage and seduced the nymph Calypso. Heartbroken at his departure, she changed herself into a serpent whose coils formed the seven hills of the city.
Lisbon is a world capital whith a country manner and harmoniously balances its formal squares, pal-lined boulevards and classically proportionated buildings with colorful neighborhoods where old women grill sardines at the doorsteps, laundry flaps from lines strung between balconies colored with geraniums.
Spreading out along the right bank of the Tagus, its downtown, a Baixa, was stablished in the 18th century around the Rossio. East side of Praca do Comercio are the medieval quarters of Alfama and Mouraria, crowded by the magnificent Sao Jorge castle. To the west lies Bairro Alto and Madragoa, typical neighborhoods.
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